What is a Hip-Drop Tackle & How Will the New Penalty Affect the 2024 NFL Season?

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The notable rule change this offseason was the competition committee banning the hip-drop tackle.

The technique became a talking point after multiple incidents over the past two seasons resulted in injuries to high-profile players.

The NFL has stated the injury rate is 25 times higher with this particular type of tackle.

The result is the introduction of a new penalty that is complex in its wording and has been met with skepticism by current and former defensive players.

What is a hip drop tackle?

The hip-drop tackle penalty consists of two sections.

“Section A” states that a hip-drop tackle can only occur if a defender “grabs the runner with both hands or wraps the runner with both arms” as the starting point, which is easy to understand. This occurs with the majority of tackles in the NFL.

“Section B” of the hip-drop tackle rule is where things get interesting and referee subjectivity kicks into high gear.

If the defensive player fulfills the conditions in “Section A” and then “un-weighs himself by swiveling and dropping his hips and/or lower body, landing on and trapping the runner’s leg(s) at or below the knee,” that will be considered a hip-drop tackle.

The NFL claims this sequence of events occurred 230 times throughout the 2023 season. Keep that number of 230 in mind as we continue to preview the potential impact of the hip-drop tackle penalty moving forward.

There have been conflicting messages from league executives throughout the offseason, adding to the intrigue of how the hip-drop tackle penalty will be enforced

NFL EVP of Communications Jeff Miller stated during competition committee meetings that the hip-drop tackle was “a behavior that hopefully can be officiated.”

NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell followed that up during an interview at the 2024 NFL Draft with, “We’ve got to coach it out, we’ve got to educate it out, but we may have to officiate it out or fine it out.

For us, there are two ways to look at it.

This rule could simply be a public relations move to further the narrative of player safety as the league’s top priority, similar to the lowering head to make forcible contact penalty.

That infraction was a total non-factor after it was reintroduced in 2023. Its predecessor was shelved after the 2021 season.

In fact, lowering the head was called a total of five times last season. Two of those infractions were assessed in Week 1 before it essentially disappeared from the NFL landscape for the remainder of the season.

Conversely, do we take the league at its word? Will the hip-drop tackle become a major point of emphasis and strictly enforced?

If that’s the case, will we see enforcement similar to illegal contact in 2022, where a zero-tolerance approach was taken by many officiating crews in the early part of the season?

We’ll get into the weeds regarding that infraction as a point of comparison later.

That’s the hip-drop tackle backstory.

Introduced into the NFL landscape with “a behavior that hopefully can be officiated” comment from a high-profile NFL executive, it feels like a slippery slope.

One thing is for certain. The introduction of this penalty just made life more difficult for anyone playing defense in the NFL.

What can we learn about the hip drop tackle from existing penalties?

We’re going to look at a pre-existing group of four penalties that are similar in scope to the new hip-drop tackle rule.

These penalties result in the same outcome: 15 yards and an automatic first down.

The four penalties that fit the criteria are roughing the passer, unnecessary roughness, horse-collar tackle, and face mask.

These four infractions accounted for 11.5% of penalties but represented almost 19% of overall penalty yards enforced in the 2023 season.

If the hip-drop tackle is made a point of emphasis in addition to the aforementioned infractions, the advantage to the offenses via penalties and subsequent yardage would increase significantly.

In fact, let’s go to that number of 230 hip-drop-like tackles the NFL claimed took place last season.

We’ll round it down to 200 penalties and consider the impact it would have on games in 2024.

  • There were 794 automatic first-down penalties awarded in 2023.
  • An additional 200 automatic first downs benefitting the offenses via hip-drop tackle penalties would represent a 25.1% increase in this category from last season.
  • If the hip-drop tackle is enforced at that rate, we’re talking an additional 3,000 penalty yards.
  • That would represent a 35.7% yardage increase from the total yards assessed via automatic first-down penalties in 2023.

The yardage total may be slightly less as occasionally a penalty near the goal line would result in fewer penalty yards.

Regardless, it’s a significant amount of potential yardage added to automatic first-down penalties.

The numbers are eye-opening and based on a penalty count lower than the number of times the NFL claims this sequence of events occurred in 2023.

Now, having detailed this, I think it’s inconceivable the NFL will allow officials to call that volume of penalties.

That would make the hip-drop tackle the fourth-highest volume penalty based on 2023 totals.

By comparison, unnecessary roughness was called 173 times last season, ranking fifth overall in total penalty volume.

Roughing the passer is the poster child for zero tolerance in the league’s attempt to protect quarterbacks, and there were 99 penalties assessed in that category last season.

That seems a more realistic total if we are to believe enforcement of the hip-drop penalty is legitimate, but that number would still result in a significant advantage to offensive units.

If hip-drop tackle penalties are made a point of emphasis, expect a flurry of calls early to set the tone if the aforementioned illegal contact penalty in 2022 is any indication.

20.9% of overall illegal contact penalties for the 2022 season were assessed in the first two weeks, and 34.9% were called through the first four weeks of that season.

That initial onslaught was followed by a decline over the remainder of the regular season and into the playoffs.

Despite the hip-drop tackle being framed as a safety-related issue, the NFL may have ulterior motives headed into the 2024 season.

This new rule is illegal contact on steroids, and frankly, the league may need that if they intend to increase scoring in any meaningful way.

Intended or unintended consequences from the hip drop tackle

Aside from the tangible aspect of surrendering an automatic first down and 15 yards of field position, what impact will the enforcement of this penalty have on defensive units?

The reality is a 200-pound defensive back was already at a disadvantage versus a 260-pound tight end running at full speed before the implementation of this penalty category.

The threat of a penalty being enforced does not change the physics of the game. The smaller player will use his weight in any capacity in an attempt to stop the larger player.

There have been multiple instances of the runner’s force, often via a stiff arm, actually “un-weighting” (as the rule details) a defensive player.

This sequence of events puts into motion the criteria deemed punishable for the hip-drop tackle to occur.

By the letter of the law, it’s an automatic first down and 15 yards despite the defensive player doing nothing wrong.

How nuanced is the judgment from game officials going to be, or is the zero tolerance edict the justification for a flag no matter the circumstances leading up to the tackle?

With the hip-drop rule now in effect, will defensive players hesitate or overthink their approach to tackles in certain situations?

Do they completely change their tackling technique altogether and go lower, directly at a player’s legs or knees instead of the traditional arm-first approach?

The fact is football is a violent game. Attempting to police defensive players while moving at full speed in high-leverage situations can only lead to hotly debated penalties and more missed tackles.

When it’s all said and done, it puts more pressure on referees to make impactful calls.

The referee impact of the hip drop tackle penalty

Ultimately, new and existing rules come down to enforcement on game days. That brings us to the most important part of the equation: the officiating.

This article continues in the 2024 Football Preview

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